byJan Albers via web
Disaster preparedness: supporting farmers in Ethiopia
• Establish and equip 2 primary school environmental clubs
• 20 people trained to teach their community personal and environmental hygiene (570 reached)
• 3 covered water storages built (partly drinking water, partly irrigation water)
• 5 water wells, equipped with water pumps, built
• Water harvesting on roof school (3 Ebenat, 6 Guro Gutu) + drinking water and water treatment
• Establish forum of water users association
Update on activities
• Establish and equip 2 primary school environmental clubs
The community schools in both woredas are committed to run environmental clubs sustainably. The schools supported the clubs to plan and implement activities such as: school compound greening, income generation through horticulture development, school community awareness raising on environmental protection, participation in tree seedlings planting and management. School environmental clubs are regularly producing poems, songs, and dramas based on their understanding about environmental degradation and its consequences, weather and weather variability, and the need to protect the ecosystem. These are conveyed in community gatherings and meetings using the clubs’ mini media. Mini media equipment supplied by the programme include: video deck, television, public address system and solar power.
Thirty-six school teachers and environmental club members were trained on disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA) and ecosystem management and restoration (EMR) concepts, theoretical and practical fruit tree management; site clearing, pitting, composting/manuring/fertilizing, planting, mulching, and watering. School environmental club members mobilized students and prepared a plot of land for plantation of Mango, Avocado, Papaya and Guava.
• 20 people trained to teach their community personal and environmental hygiene (570 reached) Hygiene promotion training for 20 community members was done in 2014 and they are now in turn educating the larger community on environmental and personal hygiene. The trained people were drawn from beneficiaries of implemented water points. • 3 covered water storages built (partly drinking water, partly irrigation water) By the end of 2014, the construction of two multi-purpose water supply projects in Goroguru was 90% completed. The remaining finishing works will be completed in the first quarter of 2015. Once completed, the two water projects will serve 863 households with drinking and irrigation water.
• 5 water wells, equipped with water pumps, built In 2014, the construction of three hand dug wells in Wagi worgaja and Taras’amba kebeles of Ebinat woreda was completed, two of which were constructed in the second half year of 2014. Each well provides water to 80-90 households. Three more wells will be constructed by the end of April 2015. • Water harvesting on roof school (3 Ebenat, 6 Guro Gutu) + drinking water and water treatment In the Wagiwargaji school in Ebinat roof water harvesting was replaced with a shallow well within the school compound. Construction of the well and hand pump installation was completed. The well is used for drinking water by the school pupils and the surrounding community members and it is said to solve the schools chronic water problem. Now 424 school community members have access to safe water. Water from this well is also used to water tree seedlings planted by the school environmental club. Other schools have not been supported with roof water harvesting but this will be done in the remaining implementation period in 2015. • Establish forum of water users association Water users' associations were established in communities where small scale irrigation schemes and water wells were constructed as part of this programme. However, a forum to bring together these associations was not yet established. This is one of the priority activities for 2015, aiming at enhanced ownership, experience sharing and equitable sharing of the water resources within the micro-watersheds.
In addition to the above, the programme in 2014 included the introduction of high value economic trees and the provision of improved crop seeds to farmers. Growing of fruits, cassava, and moringa trees was introduced in the two woredas. These crops adapt to the variable weather and harsh environmental conditions. They grow faster and thrive on steep slopes of both areas, they are drought/moisture stress resistant, stabilize soil structure and enhance water retention. A total of 28,000 seedlings were planted in the last half of 2014 on twenty hectares of conserved hillsides and selected farmers’ fields. Furthermore, the programme facilitated community participatory risk mapping, the establishment of community based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) committees, and trainings of CBDRR committees and community members from seven communities on the integrated DRR/CCA/EMR approach. The training raised awareness about the ecosystem approach and created better insight in the need for management of land, water and other natural resources. As a result, all seven communities from both Ebinat and Gorogutu woredas made ecosystem management and restoration a priority intervention.
The target communities were chronically food insecure and had immediate needs, whereas ecosystem restoration and management gains are long term. In order to support the participating community members in covering their food gaps and as an incentive to promote ecosystem conservation practices, the programme used cash for work as an employment opportunity for community members, and cooperated with woreda agriculture offices to provide all forms of relevant information, technical advice, follow-up and supervision, and to mobilize indigenous and local knowledge. The community committed to provide labour and assume management responsibility.
By the end of 2014, the programme had supported rehabilitation of 234 hectares (94% of planned 250 ha) of previously severely degraded and denuded environments through selected physical and biological soil and water conservation measures. 73 km of hillside terraces was constructed in the last half of 2014.
2015 Het DRR project in de woredas Zuid Gondar en Oost Hararghe loopt tot en met september 2015. Het laatste jaar van projectimplementatie zullen wij ons met name gaan richten op het overdragen van alle verantwoordelijkheden aan de gemeenschappen en boeren zelf. Wij willen onze aandacht extra richten op het bevorderen van de participatie van de gemeenschap en boeren in de activiteiten en het versterken van de comités die verantwoordelijk zijn voor het onderhoud en management van bv de terrassen, de waterputten en de irrigatiewerken. Daarnaast wordt er gewerkt aan een exit-plan waarmee we het project en de verantwoordelijkheden over de activiteiten overdragen aan de lokale autoriteiten. In mei 2014 vond de laatste stakeholders meeting plaats waarin lokale autoriteiten hun commitment hebben uitgesproken om deze verantwoordelijkheid over te nemen en om het project te kopiëren in andere gebieden. Het zou natuurlijk fantastisch zijn als het project door de overheid ook in andere gebieden zal worden uitgevoerd.